A Short History of The Mughal Empire

 

A Short History of The Mughal Empire


A SHORY HISTORY OF

THE MUGHAL

EMPIRE

Michael H. Fisher

 

 

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A Short History of The Mughal Empire

OR

 

A Short History of The Mughal Empire


THE MUGHAL EMPIRE

The Mughal Empire was a prominent and influential empire that ruled over a significant portion of the Indian subcontinent from the early 16th to the mid-19th century. It was founded by Babur, a descendant of Timur on his father's side and Genghis Khan on his mother's side, who established the empire by defeating Ibrahim Lodi.

 

The Mughal Empire reached its zenith under the rule of Akbar the Great (reigned from 1556 to 1605). Akbar implemented policies that promoted religious tolerance, centralized administration, and cultural integration. He also introduced a system of land revenue collection and encouraged trade and commerce, which contributed to the empire's economic prosperity.

 

Akbar's successors, Jahangir and Shah Jahan, continued to expand the empire's territory and patronized art and architecture. Shah Jahan, in particular, is known for commissioning the construction of the iconic Taj Mahal as a mausoleum for his wife Mumtaz Mahal.

 

However, the empire faced challenges in the later years. Aurangzeb, one of the last significant rulers, expanded the empire to its greatest territorial extent but his strict religious policies and centralized rule led to discontent and fragmentation.

 

By the 18th century, the empire's power was on the decline due to internal strife, economic troubles, and external invasions. The British East India Company capitalized on this weakness and gradually gained control over various parts of India. The empire effectively ended in 1858 when the British Crown took direct control of India after the Indian Rebellion of 1857.

 

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