LAT LAW ENGLISH VOCABULARY

LAT LAW ENGLISH VOCABULARY

 


CHECK YOUR ENGLISH VOCABURARY FOR

LAW

3rd Edition


VOCABURARY WORK BOOK

 

Here are some legal vocabulary terms and their explanations:

 

Defendant: The individual or party being accused or charged in a criminal or civil case.

 

Plaintiff: The person or entity that initiates a lawsuit by bringing a complaint against another party (the defendant).

 

Complaint: A formal legal document that outlines the plaintiff's claims and allegations against the defendant, initiating a lawsuit.

 

Summons: A legal document issued by a court that notifies the defendant that a lawsuit has been filed against them and provides instructions on responding.

 

Judgment: A final decision issued by a court in a legal matter, determining the rights and obligations of the parties involved.

 

Trial: A formal legal proceeding in which evidence is presented and legal arguments are made to a judge or jury, who then reach a decision.

 

Evidence: Information, documents, objects, or testimony presented in court to prove or disprove the facts in a case.

 

Testimony: Oral statements given by witnesses under oath during a legal proceeding.

 

Witness: A person who provides testimony in court based on their knowledge of the facts related to a case.

 

Counsel: Refers to the legal representatives in a case, including both attorneys and lawyers.

 

Cross-examination: The questioning of a witness by the opposing party's attorney after their direct examination.

 

Subpoena: A legal order requiring a person to produce documents, testify as a witness, or appear in court.

 

Habeas Corpus: A legal writ that requires a person under arrest to be brought before a court or judge, ensuring their lawful detention.

 

Precedent: Previous legal decisions that serve as a guide for current cases with similar legal issues.

 

Statute: A written law enacted by a legislative body, also known as a statute law or legislative law.

 

Misdemeanor: A less serious criminal offense, typically punishable by fines, probation, community service, or short jail sentences.

 

Felony: A serious criminal offense, usually carrying more severe penalties, such as substantial fines or long prison sentences.

 

Due Process: The principle that individuals are entitled to fair treatment under the law, including notice, the opportunity to be heard, and a fair and impartial hearing.

 

Adjudication: The formal process of resolving a legal dispute, usually by a court or administrative agency.

 

Appeal: The process of seeking a review of a lower court's decision by a higher court to determine if errors were made in the application of law.

 

Remember, legal vocabulary can vary based on jurisdiction and legal systems, so it's important to consider the context in which these terms are used. If you have specific legal questions or need further clarification, it's advisable to consult with a legal professional.

 

 

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