FOOD SCIENCE & NUTRITION

FOOD SCIENCE  & NUTRITION

 


FOOD SCIENCE

& NUTRITION

2017 CATALOG

 

WHAT IS FOOD SCIENCE?

Food science is a multidisciplinary field that focuses on the study of the physical, biological, and chemical aspects of food. It combines principles from various scientific disciplines, such as biology, chemistry, physics, microbiology, engineering, and nutrition, to understand the properties of food, how it's produced, processed, and preserved, and how it interacts with the human body.

 

The main objectives of food science include

 

Food Composition and Analysis: Food scientists analyze the chemical composition of various foods to understand their nutritional content, flavor profiles, and potential health benefits or risks.

 

Food Processing and Engineering: This aspect involves developing methods to transform raw ingredients into processed foods while maintaining their quality, safety, and nutritional value. This might include techniques like canning, freezing, drying, and more advanced methods like irradiation and high-pressure processing.

 

Food Safety and Microbiology: Food scientists study microorganisms that can impact the safety and quality of food, including pathogens that can cause foodborne illnesses. They develop strategies to prevent contamination, preserve food, and extend shelf life.

 

Food Preservation and Packaging: Effective packaging plays a crucial role in maintaining the quality and safety of food products. Food scientists research and develop packaging materials and techniques that prevent spoilage, protect against contamination, and extend shelf life.

 

Sensory Evaluation: Understanding the sensory aspects of food, such as taste, aroma, texture, and appearance, is essential for developing appealing products. Food scientists conduct sensory tests to evaluate consumer preferences and make improvements to products.

 

WHAT IS NUTRITION?

Nutrition refers to the science of studying how the body obtains and utilizes nutrients from the foods and beverages we consume. It encompasses the processes by which food is broken down, absorbed, transported, and utilized by the body to support growth, maintenance, and overall health.

 

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